Japan Video Games Blog


Hey guys and gals! We FIND and PROMOTE people's work, we never take credit for things we haven't written, we just love sharing the things that are interesting, but if you don't want your work or pictures shown, please let me know and I'll take it off, we're not trying to harm any one here or infringe on anyone's copyrights, just late night entertainment for my friends and I after a long days of work.

We're not making money off the site, nor are we publishing anything to other places through feedburner claiming that it's our work, just a hobby of finding cool things around the internet, that's all. Sometimes we copy and paste too quickly and a link giving you credit doesn't appear, if that's the case and you DO want your work promoted, we will add in the backlink, we would love to give credit where credit is due!

Please contact me or drop a comment on any posts you guys don't want up and I'll take it off within 24 hours, thanks!

Sunday, April 13, 2008

The Holy Bible

Meet the Fuckers

Don't accept thick pores!

Don't accept thick pores!

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The Rag & Bone Blog » Holey Eggs

Modern egg master Franc Grom creates eggs which give Ferberge a run for his money. Grom uses a small electric drill to create approximately 2,500 to 3,500 holes in each eggshell. Inspired by traditional Slovenian designs, he has been known to pierce a shell as many as 17,000 times. They’re so fragile and beautiful. Imagine the patience!

New images from MyCarita’s flickr photo set [via commenter Maj]

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8 mistakes that can wreck your fitness plan - Stay motivated - Revolution Health

Driven perhaps by a New Year's resolution or a simple realization that now is "The Time," you've finally joined a gym.

Or maybe you've slinked back into the one you've been avoiding for way too long. And this time you're determined, committed to a regular workout schedule and ready to join the legions of regular exercisers.

But since about 50% of people who start an exercise program drop out within 6 months -- and 75% to 90% quit by the end of one year -- you probably should have a plan beyond hoping for the best. To help, we've compiled advice to help you step briskly past the potholes that can ruin the road to fitness:

•    Failure to set near-term, attainable goals. "Losing 50 pounds is a long-term goal," says Walter R. Thompson, Ph.D., fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and professor of kinesiology and health at Georgia State University. Thompson suggests a realistic, tangible goal like losing 1 pound a week. Anticipate likely pitfalls such as missed workouts, and have techniques for surmounting them, says Richard Cotton, a Carlsbad, Calif.-based exercise physiologist and certification director with ACSM. That way, even if you're buried on deadlines, you will at least get one workout in on, say, Wednesday, then a couple more over the weekend.

•    The routine rut. It's easy to fall into a pattern of using the same gym machines in the same order every time. But your body, ever shrewd, grows accustomed to predictable activity and actually becomes more efficient in completing the tasks. The result: You burn fewer calories and gain less muscle per workout. "Give your muscles a shock," suggests Rachel Seligman, an American Council on Exercise-certified personal trainer in San Francisco, by sometimes doing weights before cardio and vice versa. "Increase the weights when you can lift them easily." (You should feel muscle fatigue at 8 to 12 reps). She also suggests taking a class like Pilates or yoga just to change things up a bit.

•    Undervaluing weight. To get and stay fit -- not just slim, but fit -- you need to incorporate strength training, according to the ACSM. Developing and maintaining strong muscles carries numerous benefits, including: helping protect ligaments, tendons and other connective tissue from injury; giving you the muscular stamina to work out longer than you'd manage with weak muscles; and helping with balance and stability.  And while strength training can yield bulky muscles, it doesn't have to: By opting for slightly lighter weights (i.e., something you can lift 10 to 12 times in proper form before muscle fatigue), you will develop leaner muscles, according to the ACSM. Lifting heavier weights (i.e., ones you can hoist 6 to 8 times before muscle failure) will develop bulkier muscles. (Body type plays into this as well: Stocky people tend to add visible muscle mass much more easily than those with leaner frames.) The ACSM recommends 2 to 3 strength training sessions a week, focusing on 8 to 10 exercises that target major muscle groups. Couple this with 4 or more days of moderate-intensity cardio for a balanced exercise regimen.

•    Losing focus. The gym is full of distractions -- "Fear Factor: Fitness Edition" on TV, year-old copies of Architectural Digest, muscle heads bench-pressing weaker gym members -- but it's important to focus on your exercise, Cotton says. "You need to be present for strength training." When weight training -- with free weights or machines -- pause at the top and bottom of each motion, and focus equally on the downward, or eccentric, phase, when the weight is going with gravity. "That's where muscle lengthening takes place," Cotton says, and that helps prepare muscles for performing functional eccentric movements like setting down a heavy box at home, according to the American Council on Exercise (ACE).

•    The long and the meaningless. Riding a bike for 90 minutes at minimal effort level is neither a great workout nor an efficient use of time. You need to put in enough effort to fatigue your muscles and get your heart rate up. That's why spin-cycling (aka spinning) classes, for example, bring participants through a series of intervals -- some short and intense, some longer and plodding -- and include warm-up and cooldown periods. Walking on a treadmill or gently pedaling a stationary bike for extended periods without ever breathing hard or sweating will not yield as much cardio benefit as, say, 20 to 30 minutes of intervals that keep your heart rate in the 65% to 85% of max range, according to numerous expert groups including ACSM and Mayo Clinic. The reason: Intensity -- not exercise time -- forces the body to pull in more oxygen, says Jonathan Ross, a Bowie, Md.-based certified trainer and ACE's 2006 Personal Trainer of the Year. By challenging yourself with higher-intensity exercise, you can increase your ability to move oxygen to your muscles.

•    Motion without form. If you're pulling on the treadmill's bar to keep up, then you've set the speed and/or incline too high. If the weights come crashing down after you struggle through a lift, then you're not controlling your movements. Stay within your active range of motion; adjust weight machines so they don't pull your body out of its natural range. Row with your chest facing forward, not down. Keep your knees from extending outward past your toes when doing squats. Engage your core when doing any lifting with your upper or lower body. (This helps stabilize you to prevent injury and further strengthens your torso.)

•    The big fat lie. "You can do crunches until you're blue in the face, but [that] won't melt fat [specifically] off your stomach," says Kevin Dunn, an ACE-certified personal trainer and physical therapist in Okalahoma City. Or, more succinctly: You cannot spot-reduce fat. No matter where you target your exercise, the body sheds fat from either areas with the largest fat deposits or equally from across the body.  So if you tend to pack on weight around your thighs first, that will be the last fat your body will burn. The hard truth: To lose fat, you must burn more calories than you consume. Shoot for a 300 calorie-per-day deficit, which will help you lose about 3 pounds per month safely and without feeling like you're starving. "Treat your abs like your other muscles," Ross says. "You wouldn't do 200 squats or push-ups."

•    Too much too soon. So you missed a couple workouts or gained 5 pounds or still haven't been to the gym you joined Jan. 2. But now -- NOW -- you're ready to see immediate results. Three words: Take. It. Slow. Trying to compensate for missed workout time by blasting weight sets or sprinting through a cardio workout can cause injury, Cotton says. And even if you escape hurt, an overzealous workout often leaves you so sore that the gym is the last place you want to go. Taylor says: "If your goal is 40 minutes of [sustained] cardio, start with 10 minutes. Next time, do 10 minutes, 30 seconds." Keep up that progression until you reach your goal or your body tells you to back off -- for example, if you experience joint pain (or any sharp pain) or general muscle soreness that lasts more than a day.

8 mistakes that can wreck your fitness plan - Stay motivated - Revolution Health
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Ideas for a modern house - part two | CribFashion.com

Room design


Room design


Room design


Room design


Room design


Kitchen design

In this collection I have selected the geometric decors. If you look attentive you will notice the geometry in the rooms presented. Also you can observe the Asian influence over the decorating line. Please let me know if you find them interesting.

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Iceland Information

  • Most Icelanders do not have a family name (such as Johnson, Smith, etc). So children have a given name and then father’s-name-son or father’s-name-daughter. Thus:
    1. Jon has a son named Thor Jonsson and a daughter named Hafdis Jonsdottir.
    2. Thor Jonsson has a son named Bjarni Thorsson and a daughter named Frida Thorsdottir.
    3. And so forth.
  • Icelandic women don’t take the husband’s name when they marry, chiefly because the husband doesn’t have a family name to take.
  • Because they don’t have surnames, Icelanders are listed in the telephone directory alphabetically by first name.
  • Because they don’t have surnames, it is not appropriate to call an Icelander by Mr. or Ms. Almost all Icelanders use the first name with everyone—including the president of Iceland.
  • The English word geyser comes from Icelandic (perhaps the only Icelandic word imported into English). Geysir is the name of a famous geyser in Iceland (which, sadly, no longer erupts).
  • The Icelanders speak the Icelandic language, which is used only in Iceland and among Icelandic expatriates—chiefly in Scandinavia and North America. Icelandic is very similar to old Norwegian of about 1,000 years ago.
  • There are only about 270,000 Icelanders in the country. About half of them live in the capital Reykjavik and its suburbs.
  • Iceland is the world’s oldest democracy. Its parliament (Althingi) was founded about 1,000 years ago.
  • Iceland has vast amounts of water—because it rains so much. Icelandic water is so clean and pure that it is piped into the city and to the kitchen taps in the home without any treatment (no chlorination needed).
  • Urban Icelandic homes do not need a water heater or a furnace for heating. Steam and hot water are piped into the city from natural geysers and hot springs for use in homes and buildings.
  • Because of its bountiful water supply and many rivers, Iceland has vast reserves of hydroelectric power. Electricity is so inexpensive that aluminum ore (bauxite) is shipped in to the country, made into aluminum, and the aluminum ingots are shipped out again. (Smelting aluminum requires vast amounts of electricity.)
  • The weather in Iceland is not as cold as you might think. (Winter is a heck of a lot colder in Minnesota than it is in Iceland!) The climate is relatively mild because of the influence of the Atlantic Ocean’s Gulf Stream. Average winter daytime temperature in Reykjavik is 31 degrees F. (−1 degrees C.)
  • Iceland is very green, because there is so much water and the climate is mild. (There are not many trees however.) People like to say that Iceland should be named Greenland and Greenland should be named Iceland. I used to tell my Icelandic friends that they should change the name of their country from Iceland to Waterland.
  • Iceland lies just south of the Arctic Circle. Winter nights and summer days are long. On December 21 in the capital, the sun rises at 11:30 a.m. and sets at 3:30 p.m. On June 21 the sun sets about midnight and rises at 3:00 a.m. It never gets darker than twilight at night during the late spring and early summer.
  • During a recent survey, Icelanders ranked the highest of all European countries in expressing general satisfaction with their lives.
  • Icelanders rank near the top of world nations in the per capita rate of connection to the Internet.
  • Iceland has no army, navy, or air force. It does have a Coast Guard.
Iceland Information
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On Praise and Appreciation - EnjoyParenting.com

"Don't throw out the baby with the bathwater." So goes the saying, and when applied to parenting it seems more poignant than ever. The question of whether or not parents should praise their children for "good" behavior is an issue to which that saying certainly applies.

The "bathwater" aspect of such praise is its tendency to undermine unconditional love. When praise is only given under certain conditions, it makes the child feel more loved when they behave according to the parents' standards, and less loved (or even "bad") when they behave differently. The brilliant work of Alfie Kohn makes this and other negative aspects of praise as plain as day.

The "baby" aspect of praise is appreciation, which is a powerful mode of thought that inspires and uplifts both the appreciatee and the appreciator. The root of the word appreciate is the same as root of praise, meaning to prize, cherish, honor, or value. And what child would not benefit from being prized, cherished, honored, and valued?

But many well-meaning parents, for fear of harming their parent-child relationships with the bathwater aspects of praise, throw out the baby of appreciation and lose a great opportunity to uplift and be uplifted. The pretzel logic of that fear goes like this: "I don't want my child to think my appreciation is conditional, so I won't appreciate him/her under any conditions."

A better alternative is to practice the art of unconditional appreciation. In other words, make a deliberate effort to look for ways to appreciate your child no matter how s/he is behaving.

I don't mean to suggest you should express appreciation for behavior that you don't like: "Wow! You poured paint all over the brand new carpet! Good job!" But I am suggesting that you will always find something that you can sincerely appreciate if you are looking for it.

For example, you might find that you appreciate your child's passion for experimentation, even if you're mad as hell about the condition of the carpet. (Notice I said mad about the carpet, not at the child. Also, it is entirely possible for you to experience the painted carpet situation 100% joyfully, but I digress...)

If you contrive appreciation because you think you "should" -- even though you are feeling unappreciative -- it does no good for either one of you. Your appreciation will be more sincere and authentic if you do it for selfish reasons: because YOU feel better when you are appreciative than when you focus on what you don't appreciate. Let appreciation's positive effects on your child be a fringe benefit -- the icing on the cake.

When you find appreciative thoughts hard to come by, just appreciate anything you can, even if it's unrelated to your child. You may find relief in thoughts that begin with "At least..." For example, "At least the can of paint that got dumped on the carpet is the one I was going to get rid of anyway," or "At least the color of the stain will match the curtains."

Lastly, remember that the power of appreciation is not so much in its verbal expression but mostly in the positive "vibe" you emanate when you are in an appreciative state. Loving words may trigger good-feeling thoughts in your child's mind, but your good vibrations will be directly felt. So don't worry if can't think of anything to say or do that is overtly appreciative. Just appreciate.

Children who are used to being appreciated most of the time don't "need" praise, and neither will they be particularly vulnerable to its ill effects. Likewise, children who are used to feeling loved don't need to be told they are loved, but when you form a habit of being appreciative, it's hard not to say "I love you" at every opportunity.

On Praise and Appreciation - EnjoyParenting.com
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Marijuana and the Brain, Part II: The Tolerance Factor

One of the safest qualities of THC, delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, the primary psychoactive substance in marijuana, is the natural limit the body places on the drug's effects.

It has long mystified scientists how most individuals can consume enormous quantities of marijuana with few or no obvious ill effects. But the explanation will not surprise regular marijuana users.

Early researchers were often alarmed by this, believing that this tolerance was a warning sign of dependence or addiction. Tolerance generally describes the condition of requiring larger doses of a drug to attain consistent effects. While tolerance to marijuana has never exactly fit the classic definition, some form of tolerance to pot does develop.

Regular users of marijuana frequently claim that this tolerance reduces troublesome side effects, such as loss of coordination. They also claim that tolerance to marijuana develops without risk of dependence.

Cynics have argued that tolerance to marijuana is proof of dependence, and proof that the drug is too dangerous to be used safely and responsibly.

Science has finally proven otherwise. The cynics have been wrong, the pot-smokers have been right. Tolerance to marijuana is not an indication of danger or dependence.

This conclusion also adds credence to anecdotal accounts of marijuana's therapeutic benefits by patients suffering from serious illnesses.


The recent discovery of a cannabinoid receptor system in the human brain has revolutionized research on marijuana and cannabinoids, and definitively proven that marijuana use does not have a dependence or addiction liability ("Marijuana and the Human Brain," March 1995 High Times). Marijuana, it turns out, affects brain chemistry in a qualitatively different way than addictive drugs.

Drugs of abuse such as heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, alcohol and nicotine affect the production of dopamine, an important neurotransmitter which chemically activates switches in the brain that produce extremely pleasurable feelings. Drugs that affect dopamine production produce addiction because the human brain is genetically conditioned to adjust behavior to maximize dopamine production. This chemical process occurs in the middle-brain, in an area called the striatum, which also controls various aspects of motor control and coordination.

Dr. Miles Herkenham of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and his research teams have made the fundamental discoveries behind these findings, and finally contradicted well-known marijuana cynic Gabriel Nahas of Columbia University. Supported in the 1980s by the antidrug group Parents Research Institute for Drug Education (PRIDE), Nahas has long argued that marijuana affects the middle-brain, justifying its prohibition.

Now Herkenham and his associates have proven that marijuana has no direct effect on dopamine production in the striatum, and that most of the drug's effects occur in the relatively "new" (in evolutionary terms) region of the brain - the frontal cerebral cortex. There is now biological evidence that far from being the "gateway" to abusive drugs, marijuana is instead the other way to get high - the safe way.


The effects of marijuana share certain properties with all the other psychoactive drugs - stimulants, sedatives, tranquilizers and hallucinogens. Scientists are just now figuring out how marijuana users manipulate dosage and tolerance to manage those effects.

Small doses of THC provide stimulation, followed by sedation. Large doses of THC produce a mild hallucinogenic effect, followed by sedation and/or sleep. The effects of mild "hypnogogic" states produced by THC are often undetected, contributing to mood variations from gregariousness to introspection.

The effects of marijuana can be sorted into four categories. First, there are modest physical effects, such as a slight change in heart rate or blood pressure and changes in body temperature. Tolerance develops to these effects with familiarity and/or regular use.

Tolerance next develops to the depressant effects of marijuana, particularly to its effects on motor coordination. However, tolerance to these effects depends on the quality of the marijuana consumed as well as the frequency of use. THC is one of several cannabinoids in marijuana. While it is the only cannabinoid to produce the psychoactive or stimulative effects, another cannabinoid, named cannabinol (CBN), produces only the depressant effects. CBN is generally present in low-potency marijuana, or very old marijuana in which the THC has decayed; it accounts for the generally undesirable effects of bad pot. While cannabinol gets someone "stoned," THC gets them "high."

After a while, tolerance develops to even the stimulative effects of marijuana. Experienced users learn that there is an outer limit to how high they can get. Paradoxically, this limit can only be exceeded by lower consumption.

Patients who require marijuana for medical purposes generally discover what dose provides steady maintenance of therapeutic benefits and tolerance to the side effects, both depressant and stimulative.


Research into drug tolerance is in its infancy. There are actually three forms of tolerance. Dispositional tolerance is produced by changes in the way the body absorbs a drug. Dynamic tolerance is produced by changes in the brain caused by an adaptive response to the drug's continued presence, specifically in the receptor sites affected by the drug. Behavioral tolerance is produced by familiarity with the environment in which the drug is administered. "Familiarity" and "environment" are two alternative terms for what Timothy Leary called "set" and "setting" - the subjective emotional/mental factors that the user brings to the drug experience and the objective external factors imposed by their surroundings. Tolerance to any drug can be produced by a combination of these and other mechanisms.

Brain receptor sites act as switches in the brain. The brain's neurotransmitters, or drugs which mimic them, throw the switches. The basic theory of tolerance is that repeated use of a drug wears out the receptors, and makes it difficult for them to function in the drug's absence. Worn-out receptors were supposed to explain the connection of tolerance to addiction. This phenomenon has been associated with chronic use of benzodiazepines (Valium, Prozac, etc.), for example, but not with cannabinoids.

An alternative hypothesis about how dynamic tolerance to marijuana operates involves receptor "down-regulation," in which the body adjusts to chronic exposure to a drug by reducing the number of receptor sites available for binding. A 1993 paper published in Brain Research by Angelica Oviedo, John Glowa and Herkenham indicates that tolerance to cannabinoids results from receptor down-regulation. This, as we shall see, is good news. It means that marijuana tolerance is actually the brain's mechanism to maintain equilibrium.


Herkenham's team studied six groups of rats. They compared changes in behavioral responses with changes in the density of receptor sites in six areas of the brain. One group of rats was the control group, which were given the "vehicle" solution the other five rat groups received, but without any cannabinoids. In other words, the control rats got a placebo; the other rats got high. A second group was given cannabidiol (CBD), a non-psychoactive cannabinoid. The third group was given delta-9 THC. Three other groups were given different doses of a synthetic cannabinoid called CP-55,940, with a far greater ability to inhibit movement than delta-9 THC. CP-55-940, a synthetic isomer of THC, was developed as an experimental analgesic.

First, the study determined the effects of a single dose of each compound compared to the undrugged control group. Rats receiving the placebo and the CBD displayed no sign of effects. The animals receiving the psychoactive cannabinoids, THC and CP-55,940, "exhibited splayed hind limbs and immobility."

Anyone who has eaten too many pot brownies should have some idea of the condition of the rats after their initial doses. The human equivalency of the doses of THC used in this study would be in excess of a huge brownie overdose.

A single 10-milligram dose of nonpsychoactive CBD for a one-kg rat actually increased the density of receptor sites by 13% and 19% in two key areas of the brain: the medial septum/diagonal band region and the lateral caudate/putamen - both motor-control areas.

A single 10-mg dose of delta-9 THC had no change on receptor-site density. A single 10-mg dose of CP-55,940 produced a drop in the density of receptor sites, to 46% and 60% of the control group's levels.

The effect the drugs had on motor behavior was observed daily, and at the end of the study the rats were "sacrificed" (killed) and the density of the receptor sites in various areas of their brains was determined.

What effect did the daily injections have on the various rats' behavior? According to the researchers, "The animals receiving the highest dose of CP-55,940 tended to show more rapid return to control levels of activity than did the animals receiving the lowest dose, with the middle-dose animals in between."

The groups receiving CBD showed no changes in receptor-site density after 14 days. All the other groups exhibited receptor down-regulation of significant magnitudes.

The changes consistently followed a dose-response relationship, especially in regard to CP-55,940. The high-dose animals had the greatest decrease (up to 80%), the low-dose animals had the lowest reduction (up to 50%), and the middle-dose group exhibited an intermediate reduction (up to 72%). The delta-9 THC group exhibited receptor reductions of up to 48%, comparable to the lowest dose of CP-55,940.


The conclusions of the researchers: "It would seem paradoxical that animals receiving the highest doses of cannabinoids would show the greatest and fastest return to normal levels [of behavior]; however, the receptor down-regulation in these animals was so profound that the behavioral correlate may be due to the great loss of functional binding sites." In other words, when the rats had had "enough," their receptors simply switched off.


The NIMH tolerance study confirms what most marijuana smokers have already discovered for themselves: The more often you smoke, the less high you get.

The dose of THC used in the study was 10 mg per kilogram of body weight, a dose frequently used in clinical research. What is the equivalent of 10 mg/kg of THC in terms of human consumption?

While most users are familiar with varying potencies of marijuana, many are only vaguely aware of differences in the efficiency of various ways to smoke it. Clinical studies indicate that only 10 to 20% of the available THC is transferred from a joint cigarette to the body. A pipe is better, allowing for 45% of the available THC to be consumed. A bong is a very efficient delivery system for marijuana; in ideal conditions the only THC lost is in the exhaled smoke.

The minimum dose of THC required to get a person high is 10 micrograms per kilogram of body weight. For a 165-pound person, this would be 750 micrograms of THC, about what is delivered by one bong hit.

The THC doses used on the NIMH rats were proportionately ten times greater than what a heavy human marijuana user would consume in a day. Assuming use of good-quality, 7.5% THC sinsemilla, it would take something like 670 bong hits or 100 joints to give a 165-pound person a 10 mg-per-kg dose of THC.

Obviously, the doses used are excessive. But the study indicates that the body itself imposes an unbeatable equilibrium on cannabis use, a ceiling to every high.

According to Herkenham's team: "The result [of the study] has implications for the consequences of chronic high levels of drug use in humans, suggesting diminishing effects with greater levels of consumption."

Tolerance and the quality of the marijuana both affect the balance between the two tiers of effects: the coordination problems, short-term memory loss and disorientation associated with the term "stoned" and the pleasurable sensations and cognitive stimulation associated with the word "high."

The distinction between the two states is nothing unique. Alcohol, nicotine and heroin can all produce nausea when first used; this symptom also disappears as tolerance to the drug develops. To conclude that marijuana users consume the drug to get "stoned" would be as accurate as asserting that alcohol drinkers drink in order to vomit.

One result of the NIMH study is that there is now a clinical basis for characterizing the differences between these two tiers of effects. In clinical terms, the effects of one-time (or occasional) exposure are referred to as the acute effects of marijuana. Repeated use or exposure is referred to as chronic use.

In addition to the now-disproved claims of dependence, opponents of marijuana-law reform always refer to the acute effects of the drug as proof of its dangers. Prohibitionists believe that tolerance is evidence that marijuana users have to increase their consumption to maintain the acute effects of the drug. No wonder they think marijuana is dangerous!

Marijuana-law reform advocates, more familiar with actual use patterns and effects, always consider the effects of chronic use as their baseline for describing the drug. "Chronic use" is just regular use, and there is nothing sinister about regular marijuana use.

Most marijuana users regulate their use to achieve specific effects. The main technique for regulating the effects of marijuana is manipulating tolerance. Some people who like to get "stoned" on pot, which (unlike the initial side effects of other drugs) can be enjoyable. These people smoke only occasionally.

People who like to get "high" tend to smoke more often, and maintain modest tolerance to the depressant effects. But this is not an indefinite continuum. Just as joggers encounter limits, regular users of marijuana eventually confront the wall of receptor down-regulation. Smoking more pot doesn't increase the effects of the drug; it diminishes them.

The ideal state is right between the two tiers of effects. One of the great ironies of prohibition is that most marijuana users are left to figure this out for themselves. Most do, and strive for the middle ground. Some just don't figure it out, and this explains two behaviors which are identified as marijuana abuse.

First is binge smoking, often but not exclusively exhibited by young or inexperienced users who mistakenly believe that they can compensate for tolerance with excessive consumption. The second behavior these new findings on tolerance explain is the stereotype of the stoned, confused hippie. According to this NIMH study, tolerance develops faster with high-potency cannabinoids. People who have irregular access to marijuana, and to low-quality marijuana at that, do not have the opportunity to develop sufficient tolerance to overcome the acute effects of the drug.

Another popular misconception this study contradicts is that higher-potency marijuana is more dangerous. In fact, the use of higher-potency marijuana allows for the rapid development of tolerance. Earlier research by Herkenham established why large doses of THC are not life-threatening. Marijuana's minimal effects on heart rate are still mysterious, but there are no cannabinoid receptors in the areas of the brain which control heart function and breathing. This research further establishes that the brain can safely handle large, potent doses of THC.

Like responsible alcohol drinkers, most marijuana users adjust the amount of marijuana they consume - they "titrate" it - according to its potency. In the course of a single day, for example, the equilibrium is between the amount consumed and the potency of the herb. Tolerance achieves the same equilibrium; over time the body compensates for prolonged exposure to THC by reducing the number of receptors available for binding. The body itself titrates the THC dose.


Herkenham's earlier research mapping the locations of the cannabinoid brain-receptor system helped establish scientific evidence that marijuana is nonaddictive. This new tolerance study builds on that foundation by explaining how cannabinoid tolerance supports rather than contradicts that finding.

"It is ironic that the magnitude of both tolerance (complete disappearance of the inhibitory motor effects) and receptor down-regulation (78% loss with high-dose CP-55,940) is so large, whereas cannabinoid dependence and withdrawal phenomena are minimal. This supports the claim that tolerance and dependence are independently mediated in the brain."

In other words, tolerance to marijuana is not an indication that the drug is addictive.

Norman Zinberg, in 'Drug, Set and Setting' (Yale, New Haven, CT, 1984), explained that the key to understanding the use of any drug is to realize that three variables affect the situation: drug, set and setting. It is now a scientific finding that the pharmacological effects of marijuana do not produce dependency. The use and abuse of marijuana is a function of behavior - interrelated psychological and environmental factors.

Addictive drugs affect behavior through their effects on the brain "reward system" - the production of dopamine, linked to the pleasure sensation. This brain "reward system" has a powerful influence over behavior. Dependence-producing drugs - drugs that, unlike marijuana, affect dopamine production - eventually exert more influence on the user's behavior than any other factor. The effect of addiction on behavior is so profound as to create a condition called denial, in which someone will say or do anything to continue access to the drug.

Denial is a characteristic of drug abuse, and it is largely cultivated by the effects of various drugs on the brain reward system. Herkenham's research provides a clinical basis for claims that denial is not a characteristic of marijuana use.

Marijuana and the Brain, Part II: The Tolerance Factor
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idealist » capsule alarm clock

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Oscar Wilde Quotes and Sayings

Anyone who lives within their means suffers from a lack of imagination.

Arguments are to be avoided; they are always vulgar and often convincing.

Biography lends to death a new terror.

Genius is born–not paid.

I think that God in creating Man somewhat overestimated his ability.

Music makes one feel so romantic - at least it always gets on one’s nerves - which is the same thing nowadays.

One should always play fairly when one has the winning cards.

Always forgive your enemies; nothing annoys them so much.

A little sincerity is a dangerous thing, and a great deal of it is absolutely fatal.

A man can be happy with any woman as long as he does not love her.

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William Pye - Water Tower
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My Advice For Any Shy, Awkward Guys Still In High-School

Looking back, I wasted most of my time in high-school. I spent almost all of my free time sitting around alone in front of the T.V. either playing video games a little too obsessively (did I really need to get all my spells up to level 8:99 in Secret of Mana?), or just watching random shows to make the time go by. That's almost literally all I had to show for my four years there. Suffice to say this didn't help me have a lot of friends or kiss a lot of girls when I got to university. If you're still in high-school here's my advice to help you avoid the same fate:

Your natural tendencies will get you down the road

The biggest issue is that the natural instincts of most guys lead them to do things that gain them social and life experience. They hang out with their friends, they learn about things most other people are interested in, they go to parties, they play team sports, and they're eager to dive into 'grown-up' activities like driving, having a job, drinking, and going to bars.

The natural instinct of dorkier guys is to do things that don't gain them much social or life experience. Some guys do have a group of friends that they hang out with, but the worst case scenario is a guy who spends all his time alone pursuing an obsessive, pointless interest.

I remember when I was about to go to university I read a few times something along the lines of, "College is great. It's a fresh start and you can totally re-invent yourself !" That's true to a point but I think overall the kind of person you were in high-school is going to be the kind of person you are when you first get to university.

Limit the time you spend on your solitary interests and consciously try to spend more time out in the social world

That's the overall lesson of this article. Your interests are fun so I'm not going to be unrealistic and tell you to give it up entirely. Hey, if you're into something like programming, physics, or drawing concept art you could be working towards a rewarding future career. But if it's all you do then you're screwing yourself for the long-term.

Don't worry too much about high-school, focus on being in good shape for when university starts

I'll just assume you're going off to university sometime after high-school ends. Building up your social skills and coolness takes time, especially if you were anything like me in high-school. Factors like being gawky and awkward as a teenager keep you from reaching your full potential anyways. So chalk the next little while up to practice and aim to be a fairly cool dude when you arrive at college.

Some thoughts on high-school

High-school is a funny kind of place. It's basically around 1000-1500 people who are all confined to a relatively small building for about seven hours a day, five days a week. Since it's such a self-contained little universe some weird things happen that don't occur in the rest of the world.

For one, everyone pretty much knows of everyone else, or they could if they wanted to. In college and the real world there are too many people, and they're too spread out for very many people to know you.

Another thing that happens is that you can get cachet for doing things in high-school that no one cares about elsewhere.

  • If you play on a sports team, people will know and you'll get a certain boost in your reputation from it. The same thing happens in university, but it's a lot harder to get on the team. Once you're in the real world, no one really cares if you play in a rec. basketball league.
  • Then there are always those kids that gain a certain infamy and respect because they're tough and commit crimes. After high-school these guys either change their ways because the stakes for getting arrested get too high (i.e., they're legally adults now) or they just end up becoming nobodies.
  • If you're a good student people may fawn all over you and tell you how special you are for being so smart. In university you may continue to get good grades, but you probably won't be the Golden Child anymore. Or if you take a challenging major you could end up getting your butt kicked. In the real world people generally don't care how smart you are on paper. They care about how good a job you can do and how well you can get along with everyone while you do it.

A final thing that happens is that everyone cares a little too much about their status and where they stand in the big pecking order. Actually I'll say less sociable guys aren't as susceptible to this. I know I just wanted to be left alone to play my video games. Again, once high-school is over you're no longer stuck in a small building with the same people every day so this problem goes away. People worry about their own thing and their own social circle.

Why am I saying all this? Well just to let you know that the world you live in now will be done with once you graduate.

Get your appearance in order

There's really no reason to look worse than you have to. If your high-school is anything like mine was there are few kids that get a hard time solely because they look greasy and scrubbish. See: Some Basic Tips on Looking Better.

Hang out with people more than you currently do

If you already have some friends then consciously try to spend more time with them. Force yourself to overcome the "It's been three hours, I want to go home now" voice you may get. If you just have some acquaintances who you hang out with at lunch or talk to in classes then try to hang out with them outside of school. Joining a team or club is a pretty standard way to get some friends, along with the other benefits they provide. See: How To Make Friends And Get a Social Life

Also, try to hang out with people a little more socially savvy than you and aim to emulate their good traits. When you hang out with more socially awkward people try not to pick up their bad traits. I'm not saying to totally abandon your "dorky" friends in a calculated attempt to improve your social skills, or to meekly tag along with a group of cool kids who treat you like dirt (see below), but if you have a chance to hang around people who are adept socially, then go for it.

Try to spend time with the opposite sex as well, enough so that you start to see them as regular people, and not these mysterious, intimidating creatures.

Overall, just rack up those hours of social experience. However...

Don't hang out with people who treat you like crap

Tons of people have a story like this one:

"Man, back in high-school there was one dorky, awkward kid who kept trying to hang around our group. We'd make fun of him to his face, throw things at him, play mean pranks on him, and try to ditch him whenever we could. We used to make him buy us cigarettes to be able to come over to our houses, then we'd kick him out after ten minutes. The only reason we even really kept him around was because it was so fun to rip on him all the time. Whenever we went to a party we'd give him the wrong directions to the house on purpose. We started a rumor that he was gay, that some people still believe. This one girl liked him and we convinced her not to go out with him. When he learned to drive we all used him for the free rides... In hindsight we were assholes to that kid, but you know what? No matter how we treated him, he put up with it and still wanted to hang around us. What's with that?"

Don't be that kid. People in middle-school and high-school can be cruel assholes. If the group your hang around treats you like garbage then take a hint and stop hanging around with them. Don't get sucked into the mentality where you'd do anything to hang around the cool kids, even if it means taking abuse from them. Any benefits you'd get from technically being in a cool crowd are outweighed by the fact that you're going to be bitter and scarred later on in life. This isn't to say I think all "cool kids" are evil, that's too simplistic, just that you shouldn't hang around the ones who are personally mean to you.

Get some new friends if you have to. Lots of people's high-school experience changed for the better when they switched to a better social group. Even hanging out with "dorky" people who are nice to you is much better in the long run than tagging along with a "cool" group who tease you mercilessly. If you hang around the dorky, nice people, in the end you'll come out a little socially clueless maybe, but more or less well-adjusted. You can always catch up in the social skills department later. But if you've been picked on to the point of becoming messed up, then there's a harder road ahead for you.

Sometimes though there's a fine line though between hanging out with people who blatantly rip on you and just being the more boring, awkward, disposable person in the group, who occasionally gets some flak from the others. In this case you may decide that while your situation isn't ideal, there are benefits to staying with your current group. Like hanging with them may give you access to good parties and the chance to meet girls. Also, in this situation, just improving your people skills and getting over your faults may make them start taking you more seriously.

If you're a wimpy guy then learn to fight and not take crap from people

Take some sort of practical boxing or martial arts class. Start working out if your body is ready for it. If you feel weak and easily intimidated by other people than do what you can to get over that.

Stand up for yourself if you have to. Most of the time, if someone gives you a hard time they're doing it because they think you're a completely safe target. If they thought there was a chance you'd fight back they'd move on to easier pickings. Overall, if someone gives you crap then you shouldn't just take it. That's not to say you should scuffle with everyone who ribs you, but if you just stand there and take it, you're just giving people free-reign to do it again in the future. Imagine what one of the more popular kids in your school would do if you threw a piece of food at the back of his head or called him a fag. Why would you just put up with it or try to ignore it if the same thing happens to you?

Jerks and bullies get some sort of gratification and amusement from picking on people but not to the point where they'll risk getting punched in the nose to do it. It's a 'target of opportunity' thing. What this means is you don't have to be super tough, just tough enough to fall into the 'It's not worth the bother, I'll find someone else' category.

*Note, this advice is assuming you go to a run-of-the-mill suburban school. I don't know how this advice will work at a tougher high-school.

Get a job as soon as you can

First of all you'll get some money, but it's also good life experience and makes you that much more mature. Consider getting something that will improve your social skills to some degree like working retail. Being in a place that employs lots of people your age never hurts. Without being a pesky kid try to hang around some of the older guys there and absorb a thing or two from them.

Expand your social circle outside of your school

Try to have some friends that go to other schools, or who you know from other places. It's harder to care about how popular you are in one little place when you know there's a bigger world out there.

Learn to drive as soon as you can

Even if you don't see yourself as needing to drive or being able to afford a car for years to come, do it anyways. It's one of the things I regret putting off.

If money isn't a problem take up any chances you can to go on trips

If you have the opportunity to go on an exchange to another country for a semester or two, go for it. If there are optional ski-trips or excursions to other parts of the country then think about going. Go on Spring Break. It's a true cliche that traveling really makes you grow as a person.

Figure out a sport you like and get good at it

This will get you in shape, help keep your emotions nice and balanced out, and give you a good boost in confidence. If you hate team sports try something solitary like biking or rock-climbing.

Go to parties

I'm not saying you have to drink underage or smoke lots of drugs but still go out to them and be in that environment. It's where things happen.

Go to dances/proms/formals, etc.

Might as well. Go with your friends. Lots of fun to be had. Don't miss out on these types of things.

Go to bars whenever you can

That's another environment you should get used to. A head start never hurts. I'm not saying to get a fake I.D., but if there are all-ages nights or all-ages concerts you can go to give it a try. Try going to raves or outdoor festival type concerts as well.

Learn about the world and shed your innocence

I remember that towards the end of high-school and in early university people often remarked that I seemed really innocent. Of course this was because I was very socially inexperienced and really naive about the world. At that point I had never even held hands with a girl.

Try to learn about how the world works. Reading is good for this. Check out the Resource Links section of this site for some good online stuff. Read up on collge too before you get there so you'll have an idea of what to expect.

Be a social dabbler and don't put all your chips in with one clique

Try to be friendly with as many groups and types of people as you can. You can learn a lot from each of them. Try not to fall in with only one clique or subculture and develop a bitter Us vs. Them / This Scene Vs. That Scene mentality.

Go traveling before going to university

I'd seriously consider taking a year-off to do it, but even if you backpack around Europe, Australia, or SouthEast Asia for the summer you'll be doing yourself a huge favor. Doing the backpacking thing is similar to going to university in a lot of ways so you'll be making yourself better prepared. It's incredibly fun as well. I wrote about it in this article.

If you do go to university, don't stay at home if you can manage it...

...and if you do move away from home don't get your own place off campus. You want to be where the social action is.

Living on your own is a good experience. I'm biased because I'm an independent guy by nature, but from what I've seen staying at home too long makes you immature and useless.

Don't believe all the hype about you having to know what you want to do with your life by the time you're seventeen

The social skills advice is concluded but I had to throw this in here. When you're a senior, or even a junior, you'll be feeling a lot of pressure to pick your major for university and have your future all planned out. The people telling you this mean well but feel free to ignore them. Here are some reasons why deciding on a major at 17 is over-rated:

  • You could get to university and find you hate it in general. Our society is very university focused right now. You could also learn a trade or become an entrepreneur. You don't have to get a degree then get an office job. You may not be a good fit for that world.
  • You could get to university and find you hate your major right away.
  • You could get to university and find you hate your major a few years into it once you learn more about what it all entails.
  • You could get your degree but your interests and goals have changed by that point.
  • You could get your degree then realize you hate the job it qualifies you to do.
  • You could not mind the job but hate the life style that goes along with it.
  • You could work at the job for a few years then get bored with it and move on to something else.

You can go to school and train for a job at any time in your life. You're not going to become destitute or fall hopelessly behind if you don't start right after high-school. I know a couple people who didn't go to uni after high-school, or dropped out soon after, and spent the next several years not doing much with their lives. Then one day when they were 23, or 25, or 28 they figured things out, enrolled in classes, and were on their way. Hey, sometimes people in their 40's or later have to change careers. They retrain and are in okay shape a few years later. Don't believe the hype.

I'll end this article with a cliche. Time is your most valuable resource and once it's gone you can't get it back. Don't wait, starting improving yourself now.

My Advice For Any Shy, Awkward Guys Still In High-School
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